TMJ disorder refers to conditions that affect the temporomandibular joint, or jaw joint, and cause pain and dysfunction. About 10 million Americans are believed to suffer from TMJ disorders, and it tends to be more common in women than in men. The cause of TMJ disorder is not always known, but it is often associated with overuse and other types of injuries. Dr. Martirosyan, dentist in Glendale, offers diagnosis and treatments for TMJ disorders.
Common symptoms include:
• Pain in the chewing muscles
• Clicking, popping or grinding sensations accompanied by pain in the joint
• Muscle stiffness and limited movement
• Locking of the jaw
• A change in your bite
Most people respond well to lifestyle changes and conservative treatments, but some may develop more long-term problems that require more active management and invasive treatments. Dr. Martirosyan may recommend simple changes in your routine, such as a soft diet, small bites and ice packs, to allow your jaw to rest. Avoid extreme jaw movements or repetitive movements such as those associated with gum chewing. Medication can reduce pain, and some patients may benefit from stress-reducing activities or exercises. Orthodontic treatment may be appropriate for those who have bite abnormalities that are contributing to the problem, and a night guard can be helpful for patients who have bruxism.
Rarely, TMJ symptoms become severe enough that they require a more aggressive approach, which can include injections or surgical correction of abnormalities. Call us today to learn more or to schedule an appointment with Dr. Martirosyan, our expert in TMJ in Glendale.