Dental sealants consist of plastic material applied as barriers for the bite surfaces of teeth. These contribute to the prevention of cavities and fill in grooves and fissures where bad bacteria can develop. In addition, by filling in these spaces, they assist with removing trapped food particles. Studied have demonstrated that dental sealants can assist in reducing decay, in most cases, by upwards of 70 percent.
During the process, dental sealants are applied as a liquid that quickly hardens and attaches to the surface pits and grooves. The overall procedure is among the most efficient and painless in the field. Teeth that best benefit from sealants are first and second molars, which is important as they have the highest risk of decay.
Dental sealants can be applied at any time, but in most cases, it is recommended that patients start early, especially when teeth are free of cavities. They are not exclusive for children either, as patients of multiple age groups can benefit. It is important to note that regular cleaning procedures such as brushing and flossing are still recommended even with sealants.