Orthodontics is the field of dentistry that focuses on treating improper bites, which can occur as a result of tooth irregularities or positions, improper jaw positions, or a combination of factors. Misaligned teeth can be due to genetics as well. If parents used to have crooked teeth as kids, they should not be surprised that their children would need orthodontic treatments. Treatment focuses on the relationship between the upper and lower jaws, tooth movements and, in some cases, the face shape. While braces and other treatments may focus on the function and health of the bite, they generally also improve the aesthetics of the smile, as well. Orthodontics also helps prevent damage to other teeth and unnecessary dental treatments later on.
Before treatment can begin, a proper diagnosis must be made. Dr. Martirosyan performs a complete analysis of her patients’ smiles using dental impressions, models, dental X-rays, photographs, and computer images. These records are all carefully assessed and used to determine the extent of the orthodontic problem, as well as identify the best course of action to address the problem and achieve the most functional improvement, ideal treatment outcome, and most attractive cosmetic results.
During treatment, the appliances are used to apply forces to the teeth. These can be either braces or aligners. The controlled force causes the teeth to move in the bone, and the periodontal ligaments and jawbone adjust to accommodate the new positions of the teeth. This is a gradual process and can take twelve to eighteen months or more depending on your needs and the complexity of the case.
Once active treatment is complete and the teeth are balanced and correctly spaced, a retainer will need to be worn to hold the teeth until the periodontal ligament and bone have adjusted. Call us today to find out more or to schedule your appointment with Dr. Martirosyan.